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QUESTIONS & ANSWERS FOR 3/O
1. Can you tell me about your educational background and working experience as a seaman?
I graduated from Việtnam Maritime University in July 2017. Since April, 2017, I began my seamen career. I have worked on two ships. On the fist ship, I worked as a deck cadet for 10 months. On the second ship. I worked as a 3/O for nearly a year.
2. Can you tell me about your last vessel?
My last ship was a general cargo sailing globally, but mainly from European ports to the US AND Canada port. I worked on that vessel for 13 months as third officer.
3. What are your responsibilities as a Third Officer?
（1）The third officer shall perform the necessary duties as required, such as those relating to navigational watch (08001200; 20002400) and cargo watch; (2) to fix the position of the ship and other navigational calculations every day when the ship is underway and reports to the master. (3) To prepare the reports, navigational statistics conditions and report the necessary items to the master. (4) To help the C/O in supervising cargo handing operation; (5) to measure the draft at the discretion of the C/O or master; (6) to the master on the bridge with anchoring and mooring and unmooring work; (7) before leaving port or shifting anchorage, to inspect communication systems and important items related to the navigational system and other department; ( to ma intain and mange the life boat saving appliance and fire fighting equipment maintenance log and inventory and prepare records when instructed to do so. (9) To do some paper work and other jobs that is assigned by the master.
4. When do you call the Master to the Bridge?
If the master were not in the bridge room, I would call the master to the bridge under the following circumstances:
When the officers do not know the correct actions to take;
When the giving away vessel does not give away as a rule and cannot get into contact with it;
Navigational equipment fails;
When receiving the distress call;
When navigational marks are missing or in the expected time, and did not see the marks; When the depth sounding do not have expected result;
When entry into heavy traffic, low visibility areas; When main engine speed decreases or breakdown; When approaching the poor visibility areas;
And when the vessel is in danger.
5. Who is responsible for the LSA and FFE equipment on board a ship?
LSA mea ns Life Saving Apparatus; FFE mea ns Fire Fighting Equipment. The 3/O is responsible for maintenance and keeping of all these apparatus. The records of maintenance of the equipment shall be put into the logbook.
6. How often and what do you inspect the lifeboats?
Usually I inspect and test the important parts of the lifeboat on weekly basis. My checking points include attachment to the hull, lifeline, handrail, the condition of rudder, fuel oil tanks, and so on. After checking, I record the check results into the logbooks.
7. What actions should you take while you find fire in ones cabin?
I shall sound fire alarm first, and then inform bridge and master immediately, and take portable firefighting equipment to put out the fire the soonest possible. At the same time, I shall watch carefully about the extending tendency of the fire, and wait for firefighting squad’s assistance. When the fire extinguishing squad are in their separate positions, I will come to my position said in the Fire Muster List to do my job. In a word, I shall follow the fire disaster procedure very strictly on board.
8. What do you know about the ISM code? What are DOC and SMC?
ISM mea ns International Safety Management Code (more exact name is: International Management Code for the Safe Operation of Sips and for Pollution Prevention). SMS mea ns safety management system, and this system is made based on the ISM code, which is a compulsory part in Chapter 11 of SOLAS74/78.
The ISM code includes 13 chapters: General Instruction, Safety and Environment Protection Policy, Company Responsibilities and Authority, Designated Person, Master’s Responsibilities and Authority, Resources and Personnel, Development of Plans for Shipboard Operation, Emergency Preparedness, Reports and Analysis of Nonconformity, Accidents and Hazardous Occurrences, Maintenance of the ship and Equipment, Documentation, Company Verification, Review and Evaluation, Certification and Verifications and Control.
If the company passed the external auditor from the class, it will receive a Document of Compliance; and the vessel passes the class’s external audit, then the vessel will be given a Safety Management Certificate.
9. During the watch, why must you check the compass error between the gyroand magnetic?
The duty officer should check the difference between the two compasses at least every an hour. If significant error between magnetic and gyrocompass is found, compasses must be adjusted and corrected immediately. If there is breakdown of the gyrocompass, I shall immediately report it to the master or C/O.
10. When you keep the anchor watch, how to check the ship’s position? Which way is better?
I can use three measures (i.e. Radar fixing, GPS fixing, land mark fixing) to get vessel position and define the anchor position. But I think the best way is radar fixing because the radar fixing is more precise and reliable. For the sake of safety, instead of using only one mea ns, all the measures available shall be used. At the same time, sea watching is still very important.
11. When the vessel is going to meet the PSC inspection, what should you do in the preparation?
Under the leadership of the master and C/O, the 3/O shall check very carefully on the utilities he is responsible for. It is very important to match each check list and make sure that no item is missing in dealing with the check of the PSC.
12. How do you check the CO2 System?
According checklist includes date of last service, CO2 bottles itself, air blow test should be made to make sure that the system works well enough. Check and test certificates to make sure they are uptodated. Besides, I shall test the weight of the CO2 at interval to make sure that there is enough in it.
CO2 system is very important. It is the fixed fire fighting equipment.
13. During the cargo watch, what shall the 3/O do if he is on duty?
According to the cargo and stowage plan, the 3/O shall watch and supervise the work of loading, and report the accident and abnormalities, if there is any, to the C/O. Besides, the 3/O should keep watch on the weather, sea and vicinity condition, and sound the draft of the water regularly.
14. What is the maximum blood alcohol concentration (BAC) rate on board?
According to the ISM, the BAC shall not be more than 0.04% by weight of the blood any time when being tested. But watch keepers is not allowed to drink any alcoholic beverage 4 hours before their watch.
15. When RADAR and ARPAR are in use, does it relieve your duty of lookout as a watchkeeper.
No, the working of these apparatus does not relieve the watch officer of his duty to maintain a proper lookout at all time. You can not depend on the machines too much. Lookout (deck watch) is always very important, especially in some passages, inside the port and in some dangerous sailing areas. Delayed actions will possibly give rise to big accidents.
16. When the vessel departs the port, what preparation shall the master do?
(1) He shall make various principal calculations such as the tide, current and the time of sunrise and sunset that are necessary for securing safety during port entry or departure. (2) Check to see that he disembarkation of the visitors and the embarkation/disembarkations of supernumeraries in accordance with the safety management records. (3) Check to see that the deck crew are on board. (4) Prepare and check signal flags etc.
17. How often do you check and correct the chronometer (天文钟)？
I shall check and correct it on daily basis. The record of each correction shall be put into the record book. Besides, the chronometer shall be sent ashore for cleaning during each shipyard repair period.
18. When working on in the Deck Bridge, when do you call the engine room for information? (1) Whenever necessary to ascertain that engine room and bridge clocks are synchronized;
(2) At least one hour before starting or ending a sea passage;
(3) As soon as it appears that engine operation maneuvers may be required, with one hour’s notice if possible;
(4) Whenever the ship machinery operation may be affected by weather or other condition changes, such as shallow water approach, concentration of marine life or seaweed, ice in water, or change of trim or draft due to ballasting shifting;
(5) One hour before inert gas system operation is required (for tanker); (6) One hour before steam is required on deck;
(7) Whenever the temperature falls to 2 degree centigrade to prevent damage to equipment; ( At least one hour before the standby generator is required;
(9) As soon as an excessive some is to be turned; (10) Whenever the cargo pumps are used;
(11) One hour prior to getting underway.
19. When you join a vessel, what should you do first?
Firstly, I shall report to the master and familiarize myself with the master and other officers and seamen on board the vessel. Second, with accompaniment of the relieved the 3/O is responsible for. I shall discuss immediately with the master on any unsatisfactory conditions, including equipment malfunctions. I shall also take over all the documents the 2/O shall take care of. Lastly, I shall prepare for getting underway. I shall test the draft of the vessel and report the result to the C/O.
A good handover with the relieved 3/O is the very important thing for me.
20. Please tell some working parts of a lifeboat in English.
For instance, manrope, oars, ration, securing, launch tracks, slip gear, sea anchor, sea plug davit, roll, harbor pin, canvas roof, fresh water fishing gear, medicine, axe, provisions, sail makers lather palm, sail makers needle, grommet, serving boards, serving malle ts, round mallets, wood hand fids, hatch wedge, rat guards, lifejackets, lifejacket lights, lifebuoys, thermal protector, radar reflector, bailer, hatchets, sponges, lifeboat oil lamps, inflatable life jacket, immersion suit, matches, lifesaving signal, survival manual, waterproof electric torch, boathooks, and so on.
21. If ship collision happens when you are on duty, what procedure should you follow?
Firstly, I shall sound the alarm for emergency; Secondly, I shall inform the master immediately;
Thirdly, I shall inform the engine room and prepare engine standby; Fourthly, I shall sound the tanks including ballasting tanks and oil tanks;
Fifthly, I shall report to the head office 9 ship owner, Management Company and charter at the discretion of the master.
Report to the relative department and coast country at the discretion of the master.